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Financial definitions

In order to facilitate the understanding of the financial statements a list of the most common financial terms and ratios and their definitions is presented below.

Average number of shares outstanding

The weighted average number of shares outstanding before or after dilution. Shares held by Atlas Copco are not included in the number of shares outstanding. The dilutive effects arise from the stock options that are settled in shares or that at the employees’ choice can be settled in shares or cash in the share based incentive programs. The stock options have a dilutive effect when the average share price during the period exceeds the exercise price of the options.

Capital employed

Average total assets less non-interest-bearing liabilities/provisions. Capital employed for the business areas excludes cash, tax liabilities and tax receivables.

Capital employed turnover ratio

Revenues divided by average capital employed.

Capital turnover ratio

Revenues divided by average total assets.

Debt/equity ratio

Net indebtedness in relation to equity, including non-controlling interests.

Dividend yield

Dividend divided by the average share price quoted.

Earnings per share

Profit for the period attributable to owners of the parent divided by the average number of shares outstanding.

EBITDA – Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization

Operating profit plus depreciation, impairment and amortization.

EBITDA margin

EBITDA as a percentage of revenues.

Equity/assets ratio

Equity including non-controlling interests, as a percentage of total assets.

Equity per share

Equity including non-controlling interests divided by the average number of shares outstanding.

Interest coverage ratio

Profit before tax plus interest paid and foreign exchange differences divided by interest paid and foreign exchange differences.

Net cash flow

Change in cash and cash equivalents excluding currency exchange rate effects.

Net debt/EBITDA ratio

Net indebtedness in relation to EBITDA.

Net indebtedness/net cash position

Borrowings plus post-employment benefits minus cash and cash equivalents and other current financial assets, adjusted for the fair value of interest rate swaps.

Net interest expense

Interest expense less interest income.

Operating cash flow

Cash flow from operations and cash flow from investments, excluding company acquisitions/divestments.

Operating profit

Revenues less all costs related to operations, but excluding net financial items and income tax expense.

Operating profit margin

Operating profit as a percentage of revenues.

Profit margin

Profit before tax as a percentage of revenues.

Return on capital employed (ROCE)

Profit before tax plus interest paid and foreign exchange differences (for business areas: operating profit) as a percentage of capital employed.

Return on equity

Profit for the period, attributable to owners of the parent as a percentage of average equity, excluding non-controlling interests.

Weighted average cost of capital (WACC)

interest-bearing liabilities x i + market capitalization x r / interest-bearing liabilities + market capitalization

i: An estimated average risk-free interest rate of 4% plus a premium of 0.5%. An estimated standard tax rate has been applied.

r: An estimated average risk-free interest rate of 4% plus an equity risk premium of 5%.

Pre-tax WACC

WACC divided by (1 – estimated standard tax rate).